www.batangtoru.org | Communities
57
page-template,page-template-full_width,page-template-full_width-php,page,page-id-57,page-child,parent-pageid-49,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,qode-title-hidden,qode-theme-ver-10.0,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-4.12,vc_responsive

The 133,000 Bataks that live beyond the Batang Toru forest’s edge have depended on the rain produced in part by the Batang Toru forest for many generations.

COMMUNITIES

Land use patterns along the forest edge vary according to location. In higher altitudes (>900m asl) such as in the districts of Adiankoting and Pangaribuan in Tapanuli Utara, Styrax spp. trees (Kemenyan) is a dominant agro-forestry product. In lower altitudes rubber is the dominant crop with cacao, oilpalm, coffee, petai, durian, snakefruit and other fruit species also important.

Primarily farmers, Batak communities recognize the forest as a critical source of water for irrigating these crops and rice. A drop in rice yields would threaten the region’s food security. Over the last 20 years a large exodus of people from the island of Nias has been occurring, large numbers of which have settled in Central and South Tapanuli. As most of the suitable arable lands have been occupied by Batak communities, many Nias settlers open up remote primary forest to make out a living.

There was a much lower awareness amongst the Nias people living near the forest edges, who see the forest more as a source of timber and protein.

COMMUNITY PROFILE AND OPINION

Slides_07

Interviews with some 2,800 Batak and Nias communities indicated that Batak communities recognize the forest’s role in protecting them against floods, soil erosion and drought, and to a lesser extent, climate control.

The majority of people living around the Batang Toru forest are Christian, although percentages differ a lot in each of the three Tapanuli districts.

Ethnic_201010

Religion_201010

Religion

Christian 68%
68%
Islam 32%
32%

The religious background of these communities is of some influence on their hunting (non) restrictions, with most Christian Batak communities having few taboos relating to consumption of any wildlife species.

Tapanuli Utara

Christian 89%
89%
Islam 11%
11%

Tapanuli Selatan

Christian 25%
25%
Islam 75%
75%

Tapanuli Tengah

Christian 76%
76%
Islam 24%
24%

OPINION

Public Perception

publicPerception

Source of Clean Water

sourceOfCleanWater

Forest Management

forestManagement